The Nimba Landscape is relatively small and located in a fairly heavily populated area. Population growth and migration linked to economic opportunities presents many challenges.
Expansion of slash-and-burn agriculture
The fields are usually made on land where almost all the trees are cut down and the vegetation burnt. The first few years the land is fertile, but gradually the soils become poorer. After three to four years, the farmer is forced to clear another area. The initial plot is abandoned, and it takes several decades of fallow state before it is workable again. In the Nimba Mountains landscape, (...)
Of all the landscapes supported by PAPFor, the Nimba Mountains landscape is the one most impacted by industrial mining. The Liberian part of the Nimba Mountains was exploited from the 1960s to 1980s. Much of the upper section of the massif was disfigured. This site is no longer exploited but other important forest areas are. On the Guinean side, a mining perimeter in the process of being (...)
In the high-altitude savannahs, fires have a negative impact on forests where they degrade the forest edges and undergrowth and also reduce the natural habitat of endemic species. This is particularly the case with late season fires. The dynamics of fires in the savannahs of the Nimba Massif are still poorly understood. It is therefore essential to implement a bushfire management strategy (...)